「POJ-3421」X-factor Chains-质因数分解

Given a positive integer X, an X-factor chain of length m is a sequence of integers,

$1 = X_0, X_1, X_2, \cdots , X_m = X$

satisfying

$X_i < X_i+1$ and $X_i | X_i+1$ where a | b means a perfectly divides into b.

Now we are interested in the maximum length of X-factor chains and the number of chains of such length.

链接

POJ-3421

题解

分解质因数,然后求幂和的阶乘/幂阶乘的和…

代码

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#include <cstdio>
#include <cstring>
#include <cstdlib>
#include <algorithm>
#include <cmath>
#include <cctype>
#include <iostream>
typedef long long ll;
const int MAXN = 20;
ll fac[MAXN + 5];
inline void init() {
fac[1] = 1;
for (register int i = 2; i <= MAXN; i++) fac[i] = i * fac[i - 1];
}
int main() {
std::ios::sync_with_stdio(0), std::cin.tie(0);
init();
ll n;
while (std::cin >> n) {
int ans = 0;
ll b = 1;
for (ll i = 2; i * i <= n; i++) {
if (n % i == 0) {
register int cnt = 0;
while (n % i == 0) cnt++, n /= i;
ans += cnt;
b *= fac[cnt];
}
}
if (n > 1) ans += 1;
printf("%d %lld\n", ans, fac[ans] / b);
}
return 0;
}
# Math

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